Public transport in Italy is usually cheap and efficient and is probably the best way to get around when you study abroad in Italy. As a student, you will receive a discount on monthly local transportation.
All the major cities have extensive bus and tram networks but these can inevitably be slow during peak traffic hours when the towns become very congested.
Rome, Naples, and Milan have an underground network known as the Metropolitana. Rome has two lines and Milan has three lines. Naples has it also has funiculars and a commuter line.
The Metropolitana and the three Funicolari are a much faster form of travel especially at the busy times of the day.
Are widespread, especially in the large cities, and can be recognised by the neon sign on top.
Taxis are usually white or yellow. Fares are quite high and there are additional charges for luggage, pets, at night-time, and on public holidays. Official taxis have taximeters which display the fare to be paid and will issue a receipt if required.
Tipping is not necessary but most people round up a euro or two. Very few taxis accept credit cards in Italy.
Be aware of unofficial taxis that are often parked near airports and train stations.
Most Italian cities and towns have very intense traffic during working hours and bicycle lanes are practically non existent but buying a bicycle (new or second hand) is an option worth considering in smaller towns.
Italians do not cycle a lot in the large towns but cycling is nevertheless a major Italian sport and you will see many cyclists out on the roads enjoying the countryside at the weekends.